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Scientists’ Warning Articles (April, 2023)

42 articles published, 1 journal special issue, 59 articles in preparation - Click to View

CLIMATE CHANGE INCREASING VOLCANIC AND EARTHQUAKE ACTIVITY

"The heat required goes far beyond anything we expect from human-induced climate change, but things like volcanic activity and changes in the sun's luminosity could lead to this level of heating," said lead author Adrian Lenardic, associate professor of Earth science at Rice University. "Our goal was to establish an upper limit of naturally generated climate variation beyond which the entire solid planet would respond."
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September 13, 2022

United in Science:

We are heading in the wrong direction

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
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July 14, 2​022

"On Thursday, the WHO warned that Africa is facing a growing risk of outbreaks caused by zoonotic pathogens that originate in non-human animals and then switch species and infect humans. There has been a 63% increase in the number of zoonotic outbreaks in the region in the decade from 2012 to 2022, compared with 2001 to 2011, according to a new analysis by the United Nation's global health arm."

Press Release

Climeworks raises CHF 600 million in latest equity round

Executive Summary: Komor v. United States  (CV-22-00077-TUC-SHR)

OVERVIEW: KOMOR VS. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


1) Komor vs United States will prove that the government must invest in Negative Emissions Technologies (NET) in order to avoid reaching an irreversible cascade failure in our ecosystems due to global warming.

2) Komor vs. United States will prove the Defendants have claimed a sovereign duty not to harm the life, liberty or property of citizens including the Plaintiff.

3) Komor vs. United States will prove and the Defendants have had numerous and credible warnings that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would cause overheating of the atmosphere and thus disruption to planetary ecosystems. Plaintiff’s life, liberty and property have all been harmed by the actions and inaction of the Defendants.


4) Komor vs. United States will show that most citizens do not realize that we can achieve a high degree of sustainability and still become extinct due to the vast amount of greenhouse gas already in our atmospheric envelope.

5) These “legacy emissions” will not be cycled out for hundreds to thousands of years – far too late to avoid the 450 ppm carbon saturation deadline established in the paleogeologic record.

6) Paleogeologic records from ice core samples demonstrate that whenever the Earth has reached 450 ppm combined atmospheric carbon saturation the planet has shifted to a new normal – a transition most currently existing species do not survive.


7) NOAA is currently reporting an atmospheric carbon saturation level of 419 ppm (02/22) rising by 2 ppm yearly, reaching 450 ppm threshold in the mid-2030’s. In addition, the interaction between elements of our global ecosystem destabilized by warming is creating a non-linear acceleration in climate change.


8) Fifty years ago when the U.S. government was initially alerted to the GHG problem by its own researchers we could have shifted to sustainable energy models and the planet would have eventually (in hundreds to thousands of years) have redistributed the excess without reaching the 450 ppm “tipping level”.


9) At this late date it is no longer possible for the Earth, on her own, to clean up the extreme amount of GHG the Defendants have placed in the atmosphere. We must artificially clean up our waste from the atmosphere through judicious use of NET.


10) Fortunately, companies including ClimeWorks (Switzerland) and the Carbon Engineering (Canada) both have direct air carbon removal facilities already in successful operation. (Removing carbon already in the atmosphere is a different process from adding filters to reduce carbon emissions.)


11) Komor vs. United States is asking that the Defendants be held responsible for scaling up this existing Negative Emissions Technology carbon removal technology to meet the goal of staying below a 425 ppm minimum safe threshold of atmospheric CO2 accumulation.


12) The Plaintiff is aware this will require a “war footing” mobilization and trillions of dollars in investment to capture 10-60 GtC/yr of CO2 per year starting in 2025. The Defendants had the choice to avoid this cost, but now it cannot be avoided.


Dr. Christian R. Komor, Plaintiff

Tucson, Arizona

http://www.climatedeadline.com

800-884-0824

@deadline2035







Climate - Electric Cars


From the 1880’s to the initiation of mass production of gas-powered vehicles by Henry Ford in the1910’s most all motor vehicles were powered by electricity. Rapid innovation in battery technology even allowed fleets of electric taxis in London and New York. Electric vehicles had a number of advantages over their early-1900s competitors. They did not have the vibration, smell, and noise associated with gasoline cars. They also did not require gear changes. They were also preferred because they did not require a manual effort to start, as did gasoline cars which featured a hand crank to start the engine. By 1912, many homes were wired for electricity for recharging. Also, an exchangeable battery service was put into practice by General Electric between 1910 and 1924 covering more than 6 million miles of the United States. By the turn of the century there were still twice as many electric cars as gasoline powered with a total of 33,842 electric cars registered in the United States alone.

Sales of electric cars peaked in the early 1910s with over 300 listed manufacturers. By the 1920s worldwide discoveries of large petroleum reserves led to the wide availability of affordable gasoline, making gas-powered cars cheaper to operate over the longer distances accessible by improved road systems. Mass production of gas-powered vehicles initiated by Henry Ford brought their price down. The desire for profits by manufacturers eventually drowned out technological innovation and consumer demand. Since then, the internal combustion engine has contributed significantly to greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere and the extinction of increasing numbers of land, air, and aquatic species.

CLIMATE CHANGE – IRREVERSIBLE AT 450 PPM ATMOSPHERIC CARBON. SUPPORT THE US DISTRICT COURT LAWSUIT CV-01560-PAB-KLM

Sir David King

In case you thought we made this up notice there are NO climate lawsuits active in the United States focused on THE solution- Direct Atmosphere Carbon Removal. In fact, there ARE NO climate-related lawsuits in the US. We REALLY ARE your only hope.

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE GLOBAL TRENDS

Climeworks in Iceland and Carbon Engineering in Canada are doing DIRECT ATMOSPHERIC CARBON CAPTURE! Please support these organizations in their efforts to help with Climate Change through Direct Carbon Capture.

CLIMATE DEADLINE 2035

"It's Us or Dust"

EMISSION REDUCTIONS AND SUSTAINABILITY ARE NOT ENOUGH TO ARREST CLIMATE CHANGE BEFORE THE MID-2030’S. ONLY THE NEGATIVE EMISSIONS TECHNOLOGIES ARE POWERFUL ENOUGH - BUT WE MUST MOVE SWIFTLY AND ON A MASSIVE SCALE BEFORE WE HIT THECLIMATE DEADLINE 2035

 

“The suffering we are experiencing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic is yet another manifestation of Climate Change (acting through alterations in human-animal disease vectors). Climate scientists have awaited a “Climate Pearl Harbor” which will awaken the public and politicians to the urgency and magnitude of our global warming plight….and here it is! But will we awaken and have the wisdom to direct our frustration with this deadly virus into the correct action? The path forward is an extremely narrow one and rapidly closing. We must bypass the temptation to rest in futuristic hopes of mitigation, carbon reduction and sustainability and instead mobilize the Negative Emissions Technologies (NET) of Direct Air Carbon Capture (DAC) and Solar Radiation Management (SRM) to deal first with existing legacy emissions. Only then can we be sustainable. Starting in 2025 we must capture a net 10 GtC/yr (10 billion metric tons) average CO2 per year if we hope to skirt the twin points of no return in the mid-2030’s – 450 parts per million atmospheric carbon and 310 GtC of ocean-dissolved CO2. (Inarguable geologic records demonstrate the former will trigger the Earth to shift to a new normal inconsistent with human survival. The latter will cause phytoplankton to stop producing 80% of the world’s oxygen.) Existing legacy carbon is not going away because we stop adding more – not for up to thousands of years. It must by actively removed. What can you, or your organization do to restore your children’s future-now-forfeit – use any avenues open to you - including joining the Climate Deadline Alliance (and the “Omnicide Complaint” now being reviewed by the International Criminal Court), pushing awareness of the necessity for a cooperative global effort to remove carbon from the atmosphere in your social groups, joining and advocating for NET in environmental organizations, supporting any ballot initiatives or candidates who are working for DAC/SRM, and contacting individuals with high visibility, connections, access and resources who can take action toward a global DAC/SRM effort. As in World War II everyone must be part of this effort. Do not delay, we need all hands on deck and time is short.”

 

- Dr. Christian R. Komor

 

SUMMARY OF WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

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Ending greenhouse gas emissions may not stop global warming: study

by Marlowe Hood

Even if humanity stopped emitting greenhouse gases tomorrow, Earth will warm for centuries to come and oceans will rise by metres, according to a controversial modelling study published Thursday.

Natural drivers of global warming—more heat-trapping clouds, thawing permafrost, and shrinking sea ice—already set in motion by carbon pollution will take on their own momentum, researchers from Norway reported in the Nature journal Scientific Reports.

“According to our models, humanity is beyond the point-of-no-return when it comes to halting the melting of permafrost using greenhouse gas cuts as the single tool,” lead author Jorgen Randers, a professor emeritus of climate strategy at the BI Norwegian Business School, told AFP.

“If we want to stop this melting process we must do something in addition—for example, suck CO2 out of the atmosphere and store it underground, and make Earth’s surface brighter.”

Using a stripped-down climate model, Randers and colleague Ulrich Goluke projected changes out to the year 2500 under two scenarios: the instant cessation of emissions, and the gradual reduction of planet warming gases to zero by 2100.

In an imaginary world where carbon pollution stops with a flip of the switch, the planet warms over the next 50 years to about 2.3 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels—roughly half-a-degree above the target set in the 2015 Paris Agreement—and cools slightly after that.

Earth’s surface today is 1.2C hotter than it was in the mid-19th century, when temperatures began to rise.

But starting in 2150, the model has the planet beginning to gradually warm again, with average temperatures climbing another degree over the following 350 years, and sea levels going up by at least three metres.

Under the second scenario, Earth heats up to levels that would tear at the fabric of civilization far more quickly, but ends up at roughly the same point by 2500.

‘Tipping points’

The core finding—contested by leading climate scientists—is that several thresholds, or “tipping points”, in Earth’s climate system have already been crossed, triggering a self-perpetuating process of warming, as has happened millions of years in the past.

One of these drivers is the rapid retreat of sea ice in the Arctic.

Since the late 20th century, millions of square kilometres of snow and ice—which reflects about 80 percent of the Sun’s radiative force back into space—have been replaced in summer by open ocean, which absorbs the same percentage instead.

Another source is the thawing of permafrost, which holds twice as much carbon as there is in the atmosphere. The third is increasing amounts of water vapor, which also has a warming effect.

Reactions from half-a-dozen leading climate scientists to the study—which the authors acknowledge is schematic—varied sharply, with some saying the findings merit follow-up research, and others rejecting it out of hand.

“The model used here is … not shown to be a credible representation of the real climate system,” said Richard Betts, head of climate impacts research at the University of Exeter.

“In fact, it is directly contradicted by more established and extensively evaluated climate models.”

Mark Maslin, a professor of climatology at University College London, also pointed to shortcomings in the model, known as ESCIMO, describing the study as a “thought experiment.”

“What the study does draw attention to is that reducing global carbon emissions to zero by 2050″—a goal championed by the UN and embraced by a growing number of countries—”is just the start of our actions to deal with climate change.”

Even the more sophisticated models used in the projections of the UN’s scientific advisory body, the IPCC, show that the Paris climate pact temperature goals cannot be reached unless massive amounts of CO2 are removed from the atmosphere.

One way to do that is planting billions of trees. Experimental technologies have shown that sucking CO2 out of the air can be done mechanically, but so far not at the scale required.

 

 

EMISSION REDUCTIONS AND SUSTAINABILITY ARE NOT ENOUGH TO ARREST CLIMATE CHANGE BEFORE THE MID-2030’S. ONLY THE NEGATIVE EMISSIONS TECHNOLOGIES ARE POWERFUL ENOUGH – BUT WE MUST MOVE SWIFTLY AND ON A MASSIVE SCALE

 

“The suffering we are experiencing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic is yet another manifestation of Climate Change (acting through alterations in human-animal disease vectors). Climate scientists have awaited a “Climate Pearl Harbor” which will awaken the public and politicians to the urgency and magnitude of our global warming plight….and here it is! But will we awaken and have the wisdom to direct our frustration with this deadly virus into the correct action? The path forward is an extremely narrow one and rapidly closing. We must bypass the temptation to rest in futuristic hopes of mitigation, carbon reduction and sustainability and instead mobilize the Negative Emissions Technologies (NET) of Direct Atmospheric Removal of Excess-Carbon (DARE) and Solar Radiation Management (SRM) to deal first with existing legacy emissions. Only then can we be sustainable. Starting in 2025 we must capture a net 10 GtC/yr (10 billion metric tons) average CO2 per year if we hope to skirt the twin points of no return in the mid-2030’s – 450 parts per million atmospheric carbon and 310 GtC of ocean-dissolved CO2. (Inarguable geologic records demonstrate the former will trigger the Earth to shift to a new normal inconsistent with human survival. The latter will cause phytoplankton to stop producing 80% of the world’s oxygen.) Existing legacy carbon is not going away because we stop adding more – not for up to thousands of years. It must by actively removed. What can you, or your organization do to restore your children’s future-now-forfeit – use any avenues open to you – including joining the Climate Deadline Alliance (and the “omnicide Complaint” now at the International Criminal Court) – to push awareness of the necessity for a cooperative global effort to remove carbon from the atmosphere so that those who have the visibility, connections, access and resources will take action toward a global DARE/SRM effort. As in World War II everyone must be part of this effort. Do not delay, we need all hands on deck and time is short.” 

 – Dr. Christian R. Komor

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